Are Hospitals Less Safe During the Holidays?

Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year holidays are around the corner. While no one wants to be ill at this time of year, the reality is, many of you will be. Unfortunately, the level of care you receive will likely suffer this time of year as well.

Statistics show the worse patient outcomes occur during the holidays.

That’s not to say, you can’t receive the care you need. Should you or a loved one need medical attention, the following information will help you make sound decisions and avoid the inherent risks of hospitalization during the holiday season.


Hospitals are open 24 hours a day, seven days a week yet, unlike retail stores that bring in extra staff to meet demand, hospitals slow down or shutter their services on holidays and weekends. This drives up health care costs (hospital beds aren’t cheap), delays discharge dates, and potentially exposes patients to deadly infections (more likely due to longer stays.)

There are two lines of thought regarding this phenomena. One thought is patient-centered and the other is hospital-centered.

1.     The patient-centered rationale proposes that people tend to have more serious illnesses during this time.  Harsh winter conditions lead to more flu, colds and respiratory illnesses which in turn leads to a poor outcome among already fragile individuals. 

People may indulge in riskier behaviors that compromise their health, too.  This might include smoking more, drinking alcohol to excess, or consuming too many rich, sweet, and fatty foods.  Meanwhile, the emotional stressors of dysfunctional situations potentiate the likelihood of illness.

2.     The hospital-centered rationale proposes that – even though they must remain open – hospitals slow down or shutter vital services during holidays.  There are several reasons for this.  Staffing during holidays is likely to be thinner.  On top of that, hospital staff with the most seniority get to pick their vacation times first, and they are likely to choose the winter holidays. This leaves the less experienced staff stuck with the holiday schedule. Lighter, less experienced staff coverage can result in longer wait times and delays.

Needed diagnostic testing such as a pathology report, a Cat scan, or an MRI may not be available during the holiday, leading to delays in diagnosis and appropriate treatment.  Such a delay in a severe illness can have catastrophic consequences for the patient.  Often too, social workers are not available on the weekend to facilitate an appropriate discharge. This leads to delays when transfer to a different level of care is needed.

Being informed, asking the right questions, and advocating for the care you deserve, can ensure the safest possible hospital stay for you, or a loved one, during the holidays.

Here are a few questions we suggest asking the administrative staff before going into the hospital:

  • Does the hospital rotate holiday coverage by employees to avoid staff burnout?
  • Are senior-level physicians/nurses/respiratory therapists and other staff schedules during the holidays to balance out the less experienced staff that will be present.
  • What is the hospital’s nurse or physician to patient ratio during a holiday?
  • Does the hospital have articulated policies regarding how long a patient should wait for diagnostic testing such as a CT scan or MRI?
  • What is the maximum amount of time planned for discharge or transfer to an alternative level of care?

The following tips can help you stay safe during your hospital stay:

  • Ask questions, don’t hesitate to ask for a 2nd opinion
  • Keep a list of current medications with you.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask the nurse what medications she is giving you
  • Have a friend/family member with you during your hospital stay
  • Demand cleanliness – don’t hesitate to ask staff to wear gloves, to wipe down dirty surfaces, and to use disinfectant hand wash
  • Have a clear idea of your hospital “itinerary” ie. what is being done, why, and for how long
  • Have a family member or friend keep a notebook by the bedside table to make notes on what each care provider has talked about and what the next step will be

Patients admitted on the weekend or during the holidays deserve the same level and speed of care as patients admitted during the week. Lives literally depend on it.

The NPUSA staff sincerely hopes that neither you, a family member, or a friend, are required to stay in a hospital during the holidays.  But if the necessity arises, we hope the above information will help you to make sound decisions and avoid the inherent risks of hospitalization during the holiday season.


References and Resources:

Holiday in the hospital? Stay safe!

3 Tips for Managing Holidays Shifts Well

https://www.vox.com/2015/11/26/9799196/weekend-effect

https://www.rmf.harvard.edu/Clinician-Resources/Article/2005/MIMESPS-Learning-from-Malpractice-Cases

https://www.centerforhealthjournalism.org/2017/02/28/target-staffs-weekends-and-holidays-why-dont-hospitals

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